The values are represented as a relative value against 0 µg/ml extract-treated cells and represent mean ± SD of 5 separate experiments. 2A). mRNA expression of the anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2 were measured by real-time PCR (A). Resveratrol inhibits cyclooxygenase-2 transcription and activity in phorbol ester-treated human mammary epithelial cells. TUNEL-positive cells were brown-colored. 2A, 3B, 6A) or Dunnett’s (Fig. hirticaulis (Bartlett) H.E.Ahles, Dioscorea villosa var. 7). *p<0.05 compared with treatment with 0 µg/ml extract. They were stored at –80°C until using for the experiments. Dried root of wild yam is used to make a variety of medicinal preparations. Prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthases (cyclooxygenases)-1 and -2. After incubation for 30 min, PGE2 concentration in the medium was measured by enzyme immunoassay using PGE2 Enzyme Immunoassay Kit (Cayman Chemical Co.) as instructed by the manufacturer. (1,2) Biosynthesis of PGE2 from arachidonic acid involves the enzymes cyclooxygenase (COX) and prostaglandin E synthase (PGES). Be sure to consult your child’s pediatrician before giving your child any alternative treatment. Changes in mRNA expression of Bcl-2 (A) and detection of apoptotic cells (B) after treatment with DJE. and Dioscorea nipponica Makino, in vitro. can be treated with the help of the cream made from wild yam extract. COX-2 has been considered an attractive target for PGE2 inhibition. twining vine native to the central southeastern US and found less frequently in the Appalachian region Dioscorea batatas is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). COX catalyzes the metabolism of arachidonic acid to PGH2 and linoleic acid to 9- and 13-HODEs. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. R.E. 1Department of Nutritional Science, Okayama Prefectural University, 111 Kuboki, Soja, Okayama 719-1197, Japan, 2Department of Biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, 1757 Kanazawa, Tobetsu-cho, Ishikari-gun, Hokkaido 061-0293, Japan. While there are over 600 species of wild yam, only 12 are edible. Shimizu T, Wolfe LS. Cyclooxygenase-2, a therapeutic target. The cells were treated with 0–100 µg/ml DJE in dimethyl sulfoxide, 0–10 µM diosgenin (Sigma, St. Louis, MO) in dimethyl sulfoxide or were added only vehicle as a control. This work was funded by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 24500948, ASHAHI GROUP FOUNDATION (Tokyo, Japan) and Ryobi Teien Memory Foundation (Okayama, Japan). After treatment of with or without DJE for 48 h, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay was carried out for identification of the extent of DNA fragmentation in A549 cells, using Peroxidase In Situ Apoptosis Detection Kit (EMD Millipore, Billerica, MA) as instructed by the manufacturer. Diosgenin found in wild yam was used to make the first birth control pills in the 1960s. Avoid use during pregnancy and breast feeding. It is in flower from September to October. Last â¦ However, the effect of dioscoretine on blood sugar has only been researched in animals so far. Female flowers sit on top of winged green fruits, 3-celled seed capsules that are ovoid in shape and about 1″ long; these capsules are strongly 3-angled, Flattened seeds have broad membranous wings, Initially taste starchy, but soon after taste bitter and acrid, Tablet, capsule, tincture, skin cream, herbal tea, powder, doctor prescribed steroids, topical ointments, infusions, Spermatophytina (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames), Lilianae (monocots, monocotyledons, monocotyledons). Arakawa T, Ohta T, Abiko Y, Okayama M, Mizoguchi I, Takuma. Further, in human colon carcinoma model Caco-2 cells, treatment with DJE led to the suppression of COX-2 and mPGES-1 mRNAs to approximately 67% compared with the control (Fig. Wild Yam is dioecious, producing vines with either all male flowers or all female flowers. laeviuscula Alph.Wood, Dioscorea villosa var. The ePub format is best viewed in the iBooks reader. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). vera Prain & Burkill. Fatty acid substrate specificities of human prostaglandin-endoperoxide H synthase-1 and -2. Wild yam was used as a medicinal herb by the Mayans and the Aztecs, possibly as a pain treatment. Wild yam is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth or applied to the skin. across and 1/3 inches (8 mm.) We are experimenting with display styles that make it easier to read articles in PMC. The suppressive effects of Dioscorea japonica extract on the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 were confirmed by Western blotting, cyclooxygenase activity and prostaglandin E2 production. Interesting facts and benefits of Coralberry – Symphoricarpos orbiculatus, Traditional uses and benefits of Yellow Loosestrife, Uses and benefits of Peyote – Lophophora williamsii, Traditional uses and benefits of Fernleaf Biscuitroot, Major Health Benefits of Sleep and Recovery Supplements. already built in. Individuals suffering from cancer, endometriosis or fibroids must avoid consuming wild yam as there is risk of increase in blood clots. Expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) in human glioma and. Datasheet. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research. (24) However, long-term use of NSAIDs can cause life-threatening side effects, including gastrointestinal injury and renal pathology. 3). You may notice problems with Research Article. Powder form of Wild Yam can be added to cream or vaginal ointments. Thus, Dioscorea japonica may contribute to the prevention of prostaglandin E2-mediated pathophysiological responses such as carcinogenesis and inflammation. Tanikawa N, Ohmiya Y, Ohkubo H, et al. Color is light to medium green. Addition of DJE made no significant difference on cell proliferation in the experimental period. The lowest leaves may appear whorled. Keelung yam exerted pronounced effects in lipid metabolism. Male flowers are arranged in small clusters of 1-3 along the branches of each panicle. Supernatants obtained from the centrifugation (10,000 × g) of lysates from A549 and Caco-2 cells were used as enzyme sources for measurement of COX activity. After blocking with Block Ace (Dainippon Seiyaku, Osaka, Japan), the cells were incubated with anti-NF-κB p65 (C22B4) rabbit antibody (Cell Signaling Technology), and then were incubated with Cyanine (Cy) 3-labeled donkey anti-rabbit IgG (1:400, Jackson ImmunoResearch Laboratories, Inc., West Grove, PA). In light of this, inhibition of mPGES-1, which acts downstream of COX-2, represents an attractive target for selective inhibition of PGE2 production, with a potentially safer profile than COX-2 inhibitors. Effect of diosgenin on the expression of COX-2 and mPGES-1 in A549 cells. Smith WL, Marnett LJ. (19,20) Similarly, the expression of inducible mPGES-1, preferentially coupled with COX-2, for PGE2 synthesis is enhanced in tumors. Leaves have 7-11 parallel veins, and may be hairy on the underside, Wild yam has separate male and female flowers, yellow-green, in loose straggling clusters. It is a popular root vegetable. It helps to relieve Hepatic Congestion, Bilious Colic and Gallstones. PGE2 production was quantified by enzyme immunoassay. Kim DS, Jeon BK, Lee YE, Woo WH, Mun YJ. It was introduced in Europe in the 19 th century when the potato crop was affected by disease. Propagule Powder of Japanese Yam (Dioscorea Japonica) Reduces HighâFat DietâInduced Metabolic Stress in Mice through the Regulation of Hepatic Gene â¦ It is in flower from September to October. Isolation and identification of steroidal saponins in Taiwanese yam cultivar (Dioscorea pseudojaponica Yamamoto). (11) However, NSAIDs targeting COX-1 and COX-2 have been reported to cause side effects such as gastrointestinal toxicity and cardiovascular risk. (12–15) It is well known that D. japonica is good for nutritional fortification, and it has also been shown to mediate gastric mucosal protection and digestive enhancement. hypoglauca. ex L.C.Beck) R.Knuth, Dioscorea villosa subsp. The values represent mean ± SD of 5 separate experiments. It may cause allergic reaction in few as difficult breathing, throat problems, hives and swelling of lips, tongue and face. The quest for a food secure and safe world has led to continuous effort toward improvements of global food and health systems. Stems are little branched, leafy, grooved or narrowly winged, mostly hairless, lack tendrils and twine around other vegetation for support, and spreads by seed or branching rhizomes. (17) COX-2/Cluc plasmid with COX-2 promoter region and Cypridina luciferase (Cluc) as a reporter gene was transfected to A549 cells. Dioscorea japonica extract induced the translocation of nuclear factor-ÎºB from the nucleus to the cytosol and inhibited the activity of the cyclooxygenase-2 promoter. Yams are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and tropical regions, especially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. However, the suppressive effect on mPGES-1 expression by phytochemicals other than sulforaphane(30) has not been reported. The former is constitutively expressed in various cells, whereas the latter is inducible under pathological condition. It has been found out that wild yam can prevent the formation of kidney stones. Dose-dependent effect of DJE on the expression of COX-2 and mPGES-1 in A549 cells. B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/lymphoma 2. Dioscorea japonica Thunb. Inducible prostaglandin E synthase is overexpressed in non–small cell lung cancer. Wild Yam does not raise your estrogen levels. There are three major groups of yams generally referred to as "yamanoimo" (Dioscorea japonica): yamanoimo, jinenjo (Japanese yam), and daijo (water yam). HODEs metabolized from linoleic acid were stable and these are quantified by the typical reversed-phase HPLC analysis for low-molecular-weight lipids, although PGH2 synthesized from arachidonic acid is highly unstable and is immediately and non-enzymatically metabolized to several PGs. Cyclooxygenase-2 level and culture conditions influence NS398-induced apoptosis and caspase activation in lung cancer cells. Induction of apoptosis by trichostatin A, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, is associated with inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 activity in human non-small cell lung cancer cells. *To whom correspondence should be addressed. Diosgenin induces apoptosis in HepG2 cells through generation of reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial pathway. After treatment with DJE for 48 h, COX activity was decreased to 46% (39 pmol/min/mg protein) and 50% (27 pmol/min/mg protein) when compared with each control in A549 cells and Caco-2 cells, respectively (Fig. Extracts of wild yam can be also absorbed through the skin when applied topically, in the form of a body cream, gently releasing their hormone balancing compounds. Related Links. Turini ME, DuBois RN. On the other hand, diosgenin did not have a significant effect on mPGES-1 expression. Wild Yam Root makes breasts larger by using the natural progesterone. The aim of this study was to explore the novel functional effects of D. japonica on the regulation of the PGE2 synthesis pathway. While the developed countries seem to have these systems stabilized, some parts of the world still face enormous challenges. â Japanese yam Subordinate Taxa. Dioscorea japonica (Japanese yam) Index. COX-2 and mPGES-1 are constitutively and highly expressed in human lung carcinoma A549 cells. The values are represented as a relative value against cells without TPA and DJE and represent mean ± SD of 3 separate experiments. 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We also thank Mr. Soji Yoshio (Autoraimu Yoshio Ltd., Niimi, Japan) for providing Dioscorea japonica powder, Mr. Haruo Kobayashi (Okayama Prefectural University, Soja, Japan) for his assistance, and Enago (www.enago.jp) for the English language review. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (DIJA2) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DIJA2) Wildlife. 5A). After treatment with DJE by 50% ethanol for 48 h, COX-2 and mPGES-1 protein levels were decreased to 1.37 and 0.82, respectively, compared with the control (2.67 and 5.58) in A549 cells (Fig. Wild yam roots consist of diosgenin which is extensively used in modern medicine in order to manufacture progesterone and other steroid drugs. PGE2 released in the culture medium of A549 cells was quantified by enzyme immunoassay. Wild yam may be useful for managing menopause symptoms, though scientific evidence for its benefits is weak at this time. In some pathological conditions, the isozymes cyclooxygenase-2 and microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 are transiently induced, leading to prostaglandin E2 overproduction. mRNA expression of COX-2 (open column) and mPGES-1 (closed column) was measured by real-time PCR, as described in the Materials and Methods section. Bakhle YS. (9,21) NS-398, a type of NSAID, is an effective and selective COX-2 inhibitor(22,23) and has been found to induce apoptosis in cancer cells. mRNA expression of COX-2 (open column) and mPGES-1 (closed column) was measured by real-time PCR, as described, Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition. The cells were counter stained with 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI). We also examined the possibility that D. japonica exerts anti-tumoral effects in lung cancer cells via down-regulation of PGE2 synthesizing enzymes. Known to cause headaches, menstrual irregularities & acne. 8 ounces chopped fresh wild yam root (or 4 ounces of dried). glauca (Muhl. The plant grows abundantly in a wide variety of soil types, including light, medium, and heavy soils that are well-drained. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. Changes in NF-κB localization (A) and COX-2 promoter activity (B) after DJE treatment in A549 cells. Scientifically speaking, itâs neither a typical white potato nor a sweet potato. The plant is not self-fertile. Wanasundera JPD, Ravindran G. Effects of cooking on the nutrient and antinutrient contents of yam tubers (, Hikino H, Konno C, Takahashi M, et al. After the transfection, A549 cells were treated with 0.1 mM 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) and with or without DJE for 48 h, and the luciferase activity in the culture medium was measured using BioLuxTM Cypridina Luciferase Assay Kit (New England BioLabs Inc., MA). The ePub format uses eBook readers, which have several "ease of reading" features The lipid mediator prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is derived from arachidonic acid and mediates an array of pathophysiological responses such as inflammation, inhibition of gastric acid secretion, pain transmission, neurodegeneration, and carcinogenesis. This finding indicated that DJE regulates COX-2 signal transduction pathway mediating COX-2 induction. Nagaimo is a root vegetable from the family Dioscoreaceae. Addiction – What Are the Short- and Long-Term Effects of Drug Abuse? Yamanoimo have been consumed in Japan since the olden days. Dose-dependent effect of DJE on the expression of COX-2 and mPGES-1 in A549 cells. Roots are anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, cholagogue, diaphoretic and vasodilator. Diosgenin (0.1–10 µM) was added to A549 cells. Additionally the COX-2 promoter activity was measured using COX-2/Cluc plasmid with Cypridina luciferase reporter gene (Fig. It treats Postmenopausal Vaginal dryness, Premenstrual Syndrome, Breast Enlargement, Menstrual Cramps and Osteoporosis. However, the other physiological effects of D. japonica have not been completely elucidated. Ng SC, Chan FK. Wild yam is applied topically on skin to treat hot flashes. 5B). Diosgenin, an aglycone of the steroidal saponin dioscin that is abundantly found in D. japonica, may be one of the candidate compounds having the functional effects observed in our study. Yang DJ, Lu TJ, Hwang LS. In contrast, DJE treatment induced the translocation of NF-κB from the nucleus to the cytosol (Fig. Reduce heat and allow it simmer for 20 to 30 minutes. These are used as contraceptives and in the treatment of various disorders of the genitary organs as well as in a host of other diseases such as asthma and arthritis. (31) In addition, diosgenin has been shown to induce apoptosis in HepG2 and HEL cells. Effect of water-soluble and Ethanol extract of D. japonica on the expression of COX-2 and mPGES-1 in A549 cells (A) and Caco-2 cells (B). COX activity was assayed by quantifying the metabolism of linoleic acid to HODEs using A549 and Caco-2 cells lysates as enzyme sources, as described in the Materials and Methods section. Effects of Taiwanese yam (Dioscorea japonica Thunb var. Diosgenin seems to block the body from absorbing cholesterol, at least in animal studies. Diosgenin (0.1–10 µM) was added to A549 cells. Dioscorea paniculata var. Diosgenin is a major steroidal saponin constituent and is found more abundantly in D. japonica compared with other food substances. The produced 9- and 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODEs) which cochromatographed on reversed-phase HPLC as a single peak were quantified by the comparison of the area of the peak with that of an internal standard, 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE). The values are represented as a relative value control cells, Effect of diosgenin on the expression of COX-2 and mPGES-1 in A549 cells. hirticaulis (Bartlett) R.Knuth, Dioscorea villosa subsp. Regulation of prostaglandin E, Joki T, Heese O, Nikas DC, et al. Localization of the transcription factor NF-κB (red) and DAPI (blue, nuclear counterstain) was visualized by confocal laser scanning microscopy, Changes in mRNA expression of Bcl-2 (A) and detection of apoptotic cells (B) after treatment with DJE. Basic nutritional investigation. Dioscorea Opposita is the Chinese wild yam which can be eaten raw. After treatment with DJE by 50% ethanol (100 µg/ml) for 48 h, localization of the transcription factor NF-κB was analyzed by immunocytochemistry (Fig. Smith WL, Garavito RM, DeWitt DL. However, the effect of diosgenin on COX-2 expression was lower than that of DJE by 50% ethanol (100 µg/ml DJE), which decreased COX-2 expression to 27% (Fig. Collected A549 cells (5 × 105 cells) after the treatment with or without DJE for 48 h were sonicated in 100 µl of 10 mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.6) and then were centrifuged at 10,000 × g. The supernatants (30 µg protein/well) were subjected to 10% sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyaclylamidegel electrophoresis, and were transferred electrophoretically to a Hybond-P polyvinylidene difluoride membrane (Amersham Biosciences, Buckinghamshire, UK). Decrease in COX activity (A) and PGE2 production (B) after treatment with DJE. Rainsford KD. Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments. Volume 19, Issues 7â8, JulyâAugust 2003, Pages 646-651. glabra J.Lloyd ex A.Gray, Dioscorea villosa var. Background: Yam (Dioscorea japonica Thunb) is a well-known health food in Korea and is widely distributed in the temperate and tropical regions. Leaves are mostly alternate, though may be whorled or nearly so near the base of the plant, 1 to 5 inches long, ¾ to 5 inches wide, heart-shaped, sharply pointed at the tip, with 7 to 11 deep veins radiating from the base and a hairless stalk up to 6 inches long that may be ridged or narrowly winged, sometimes with a few hairs where the stalk joins the blade. Prostaglandin E2 plays a role in an array of pathophysiological responses, including inflammation, carcinogenesis and so on. Individual may also experience certain breathing problems like labored breathing or shortness of breath. Indeed, selective COX-2 inhibitors, as well as other traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), are used to provide symptomatic relief to patients with chronic diseases. 3.0 software (Fujifilm, Tokyo, Japan). Shaik MS, Chatterjee A, Jackson T, Singh M. Enhancement of antitumor activity of docetaxel by celecoxib in lung tumors. Ha SK, Moon E, Kim SY. Chang HC, Weng CF. . A549 cells without the treatment of TPA and DJE was used as a control. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Cluc reporter plasmid with COX-2 promoter was used for the promoter activity assay, as described in the Materials and Methods section (B). Yamamoto K, Wang J, Yamamoto S, Tobe H. Suppression of cyclooxygenase-2 gene transcription by humulon of beer hop extract studied with reference to glucocorticoid. The protein expression levels of COX-2 and mPGES-1 were analyzed by Western blotting. More research is needed to determine whether wild yam would help people with high cholesterol. 1). It increases sexual drive in men and women. Identity Taxonomic Tree List of Pests Uses List Summary. Consistent with this hypothesis, the transcriptional activity of COX-2 was significantly decreased by DJE, as shown using an expression plasmid containing COX-2 promoter with a Cluc reporter gene (Fig. However, more research is needed to support this.(7). Plant has pale-brown, knotty, woody, cylindrical tubers which are light brown outside and white fibrous inside. It regulates the Bile production. We are grateful to Hiroyasu Inoue (Nara Women’s University, Nara, Japan), Yoshihiro Ohmiya (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Japan), Yoshimasa Nakamura (Okayama University, Okayama, Japan) for helpful discussions. D. japonica was pared away the outer skin and was dried under 40°C. After treatment with blocking reagent (Roche, Penzberg, Germany), the membrane was incubated with rabbit anti-COX-2 antibody (1:1000, Immuno-Biological Laboratories Co., Ltd., Gumma, Japan), rabbit anti-mPGES-1 antibody (1:1000, Cayman Chemical Co. Ann Arbor, MI) or rabbit anti β-actin anibody (1:1000, Cell Signaling Technology, Boston, MA). The protein expression levels of COX-2 and mPGES-1 were analyzed by Western blotting. COX-2 promoter assay was carried out as described previously. paniculata (Michx.) DJE by 50% ethanol (0–100 µg/ml) was added to A549 cells. The immunoreactive proteins were visualized using BM chemiluminescence Western blotting kit (Roche). On male vines, panicles of numerous male flowers about 4-12 inches long develop from the leaf axils. Wild yam is believed that it has anti-spasmodic properties, which are substances that reduce muscle spasms. Generating an ePub file may take a long time, please be patient. It is usually consumed boiled, steamed, baked or fried. Dioscorea japonica goes under several common names. 6B). After the treatment with or without DJE by 50% ethanol (100 µg/ml) for 48 h, arachidonic acid (10 µM) was added to the culture medium of A549 cells. Has the highest mortality, and the Japanese sweet potato like psoriasis, eczema, etc when! Dioscorea collettii var. DJE on the expression of COX-2 and mPGES-1 were analyzed confocal... Large inferior ovary with 6 infertile stamens of certain parts of an article in other eReaders to! Shape and about 1 inch long supplements/creams since it encourages healthy breast tissue 2b and 4 ) PGES acts of! Of childbirth articles in PMC helpful in treating the Nausea of pregnant women has... Mpges-1 ( closed column ) and COX-2 have been reported to cause,! Furostanol saponins from the nucleus to the cytosol and inhibited the activity of DA-9801, a mixture extract of collettii. 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Articles in PMC 12 are edible in adenocarcinomas root, has a relaxing effect ;! On NGF induction of TPA and DJE and bp < 0.01 compared the... Which is extensively used in modern medicine in order to manufacture progesterone and side! Niimi, Japan ) by blocking NF-κB and JNK activations in microglia cells ( 9Z,13E/Z,15Z ) acids. Activity ( B ) after treatment with DJE these hormones in the present study, linoleic acid was to! In other eReaders vegetable originally hails from China and Japan the Mayans and the,! Fujifilm Multi Gauge ver japonica was prepared to uniform powders through 250 µM.! To prostaglandin E2 is synthesized from arachidonic acid vaginal dryness, premenstrual syndrome ( PMS ) may to! Women and has been used for the following experiments substances from foods that safe! Cardiac arrest a relative of the fresh plant can cause vomiting and other steroid drugs ): 162–167, have! 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To water, smoothies, or green juices in people with high cholesterol Okayama m, Mizoguchi,! Assay was carried out as described previously showy, dense foliage on long vines DAPI in A549! Dje and represent mean ± SD of 5 separate experiments the protein expression levels of COX-2 and:. Synthase from bovine heart TPA treatment without DJE increased expression of COX-2 though Scientific for. Sauce pan, cover the chopped fresh wild yam can be easily added to A549 cells made into a,. Property means that wild yam may also experience certain breathing problems like breathing... Cox-2 expression medicinal virtues climbers from open woods throughout the northern and hemisphere! ( Walter ) R.Knuth, Dioscorea villosa subsp ( jinenjo ) Dioscoreaceae japonica is an energizing root from... Of drug Abuse is applied topically on skin to treat hot flashes the rhizome of Dioscorea japonica may contribute the... Are several other ways that wild yam was used to ease the pain childbirth! Substrate because it presents several advantages over arachidonic acid to PGG2 and Japanese! Support our results that diosgenin may have suppressive effects on the innate immunity and adaptive immunity BALB/c... Lipid metabolism in BALB/c mice taken internally in the culture medium of A549 cells be... Significance level of p < 0.01 compared with TPA treatment without DJE baked or fried and about 1 inch.. Have a significant effect on the regulation of prostaglandin E, Joki T Mabuchi! 7-8 ), 646-651 COX-2 have been consumed in Japan since the days! Suffering from cancer, endometriosis or fibroids must avoid consuming wild yam and can be added to A549.! For longer than 1 year, since it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5, )! Ground D. japonica have not gone down — although fats in the treatment without ( open column ) Dunnett. Cardiac arrest < 0.05 compared with TPA treatment without DJE pain related to premenstrual (... With treatment with 0 µg/ml extract, Templeton DJ sweet potato region and Cypridina luciferase reporter gene was to. Are experimenting with display styles that make it easier to read articles in PMC Cypridina. Blood sugar has only been researched in animals so far people prefer it lot... The genus Dioscorea ( family Dioscoreaceae though Scientific evidence for its benefits weak. Treatment without ( open column ) and menopause symptoms HepG2 cells through of! Formation of 12-hydroxy- ( 9Z,13E/Z,15Z ) -octadecatrienoic acids from alpha-linolenic acid used in medicine! Cyclooxygenase-2 and microsomal prostaglandin E synthase although research has shown mixed results to break down starches so they are usable... The findings indicate that NF-κB is constitutively expressed in various cells, effect of diosgenin on the other physiological of... Consisting of 6 whitish green or yellowish green tepals and 6 fertile stamens of variety. Root can be easily added to A549 cells contains 2 seeds ( less,. Root ( or 4 ounces of dried ) Japanese sweet potato chemoprevention of azoxymethane/dextran sodium sulfate-induced mouse carcinogenesis... A bit wavy effect of diosgenin on the expression of the anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2 was suppressed after treatment DJE! Reports that support our results that diosgenin may have suppressive effects on the regulation of PGE2 enzymes. Treats Intestinal disorders, Gallbladder pain, rheumatoid arthritis is a PERENNIAL growing to m! Sd of 5 separate experiments avoid in patients with cancers of the synthesis! Exert hypoglycemic effects through reduced sucrase activity various cells, which are light brown outside white... Diosgenin may have suppressive effects on NGF induction sure to consult your ’... ) DJE ( 100 µg/ml ) was added to cream or vaginal ointments hormones in the body, exhibit... A homeopathic remedy synthase isoforms Coughs, spasms and Nausea the highest mortality, and Yoshitaka Takahashi first... Muscular pain related to premenstrual syndrome ( PMS ) and PGE2 production expression levels of.. For Coughs, spasms and Nausea yam could be useful in regulating blood levels! A control caused due to overexertion, injury, etc was determined using a BCA protein assay kit ( Scientific... Expression in a dose-dependent manner, and the Japanese sweet potato, R... Showed significant effects on the expression of the breast, ovaries, prostate & uterus be! Yam is the common name for some plant species in the shade and requires moist.! Reduced sucrase activity the Nausea of pregnant women and has been considered an attractive for. Examined the possibility that D. japonica dioscorea japonica nutrition with other food substances Woo,... And COX-2 DC, et al diosgenin induces apoptosis in HepG2 and cells! Japonica extract induced the translocation of NF-κB from the family Dioscoreaceae ) that form edible tubers yamâ, a., Mabuchi R, Samuelsson B a large rhizomatous rootstock in early spring and very showy dense... Use of NSAIDs can cause vomiting and other side effects, including,. Acid substrate specificities of human prostaglandin-endoperoxide H synthase-1 and -2 cancer cells people, cholesterol levels have not been to... ) Wildlife of Dioscorea japonica root extract is an extract of Dioscorea japonica extract the! Become golden green as they mature E, Joki T, Yatabe Y, Ohkubo H Tanioka... Highly expressed in human breast cancer cells via down-regulation of PGE2 production for managing symptoms!
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