And the third? Because I think theistic apologetics is obviously just a flawed rationalization for something that is not supported by the evidence and is believed because of non-intellectual reasons. I recommend you take a look at these other articles in which I show that even if, for example, The Big Bang were just a bubble in a much wider mother universe, that only pushes an absolute beginning back. As I said in my previous comment, they have a bias. Now if you want to make the assertion that total and utter non-being can have potential, you shoulder an enormous burden of proof. Moreover, people who are very emotionally invested in some belief are more likely to cherry pick the evidence, ignore potential mistakes and contradictory evidence. It may stay there for infinity years and never explode or it may explode when it reaches t=+1. Cosmological Arugument debunked - Khuda pehli cause hai ya nai? However, undifferentiated time can exist IN the hyperspace, the same way a fourth time dimension exist in our Minkowski space (that’s where the name “Minkowski spacetime” come from). The overused “God Of The Gaps” objection. This is why I said God decided to created, God acted to create, and creation came into being all at the same moment (the first moment). The decision can’t be timeless, as I stated before, otherwise it would be frozen and uninterrupted eternally. Let’s take option 1: Every time the top make a complete revolution a Universe is spawned. Philosophy professor Peter Millican responds to William Lane Craig's cosmological argument for God. After all, I could also say there is a non-zero probability that God could create the universe in an infinite timeline, because if it is zero, then God would never create it. \\”I predicted in advance that you would say there are arguments in favor of free will and that’s why I stated the Kalam would be contingent on other arguments for God. I’m not saying that “Craig is extremely and obviously biased, therefore, he must be wrong.” No, I didn’t say that. Islamic philosophy enriches thetradition, developing two types of arguments. That’s the nature of deterministic things. . ” Nothingness is not an “it”. So, please, answer my question: is God’s decision to act caused by something else? \\”So, I’m confused here. It’s space all right, but not Minkowski space. . I really don't have time for this. Material objects have mass and ergo occupy spatial dimensions. Didn’t you say a ways back in this conversation that one of the ways we know Minkowski space had a beginning was the infinite regress arguments? Now, I acknowledged attempts to do this and in the above article I deferred the reader (in this case, that would be you) to other blog posts in which I address attempts to get around an absolute beginning. . . If we’re both grasping what it means to say “Something came FROM nothing” (no efficient cause) and “something came OUT OF nothing” (no material cause, regardless of whether it also had an efficient cause or not), then what’s the problem? As far as we know, physical laws depend on the structure of the universe they govern, therefore, causal laws are not even likely to exist in the absence of a governing structure. However, it seems me you failed to understand my refutation. And one way you could convince me of the contrary is to show me ONE thing that came into being without an efficient cause. If this is a space different than Minkowski space, what are the properties of that space? And this is why all respectable eternal universe models (e.g The Traditional Mother Universe Theory, The Oscillating Universe model, The Carrol-Chen Model) operate under the assumption of “Minkowski Space”. In that case, the origin of our universe would indeed not be “everything that ever was, is, or will be”. You see the problem? Clearly, The Kalam Cosmological Argument is an argument FOR theism and, as such, it’s up to me to establish the premises. You’d basically be saying “Nature caused nature to come into being.”. "I'm not positing a yniverse, I'm simply demonstrating that the first premise of the cosmological argument cannot be maintained because of the possibility of a yniverse. . . I accept Nominalism about abstract objects and Physicalism about minds. Now, you could argue the arguments against an infinite past rule this out, but they only apply to metric (differentiated) time. It's an enrolment of the attribute of timelessness and moreover, the only other alternative to an included cause is an infinite regression of causes, and infinite series cannot be traversed. \\”This is not a deductive argument, so it is not a fallacy. But did God spontaneously cause his decision to create time? Now, I see no reason to believe this specific article Robin wrote has some bias or motivation *against* theism. The conclusion of The Kalam Cosmological Argument is that the universe came into being via an efficient cause (God), but with no material cause. The claim that something physical existed prior to Minkowski spacetime is perfectly compatible with the arguments against an infinite past and modern cosmology — further, it doesn’t require any scientific past-eternal model to be true, since it is a metaphysical question and not a scientific one. . But you seem to have been expressing skepticism that the principle must always be true. The Case For The One True God: A Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Case For The God Of Christianity, “Does The Multi-Verse Explain Away The Need For A Creator?”, “Is The Big Bang The Origin Of The Universe?”, \\\”Ok, would you mind shortly saying what are the other two arguments in favor of the Causal Principle? And Craig is extremely biased because of emotional reasons. Besides, there’s no water, and all life needs water. "Yes, a mere possibility is all that is required. Cosmologists have shown based on observational evidence that our Universe had a beginning some 13.8 billion years ago which is traditionally called the Big Bang event. You said “sitting around”. Would you say Minkowski space is abstract? Blind faith is for intellectual losers. The objection here is that the inductive evidence is overwhelmingly against the idea that things can come into being without a material cause. There’s a time before one existed and a time after one came into existence. Ok. Can you say why exactly? There are Christian philosophers who are physicalists such as Peter Van Inwagen. In the example of the chair, the final cause would be the purpose of sitting. But it can’t be, because God can’t decide to actualize what is already actual. It doesn’t eliminate it. . Oops. Let me be clear: there is no reason to believe abstract objects and minds are immaterial. What is movement? Debunking "The Kalam Cosmological Argument - Debunked" by atheist "Rationality Rules" Popular atheist YouTuber "Rationality Rules" tried stepping on the famous Kalaam Cosmological Argument popularised in recent time by Christian William Lane Craig and ended up stepping on himself. "This, of course, is about as intelligent as asking if God could create a stone too large for Him to lift.But I DEFY you to try to define time. Q&A: The Ontological Argument, God, and The Riemann Hypothesis. Would you willing to bow the knee to Yahweh if you knew that He is?” If the mechanistic object spontaneously interrupts the timeless state, it could work just as well (since it is spontaneous) and you can’t argue against spontaneity by saying we’ve never observed it because we’ve never observed free agents too!”\\\ — Well again, if there was any chance for the universe to spontaneously spring into being, then given an infinite past time, the non-zero probability of that occurring would occur, hence the weird hyperspace would have caused it to bang into being infinitely long ago. It's POSSIBLE that George Bush is listening in on your phone-line right now! How do these arguments support the Causality Principle? And let me just make a preemptive strike here: don’t point to “the quantum vacuum”. So it’s not the case that “the Kalam would be contingent on other arguments for God.” In most conversations on the Kalam, I don’t even bring up the mechanistic agent dilemma. On the other hand, both of us know Craig has many reasons to argue simultaneity is possible, one of them being that it is necessary for the Kalam to work (or isn’t it not?). Indeterminism and spontaneity doesn’t add anything to the conversation. Again, no. . I would also like to hear your thoughts on the WLC article I linked to regarding strict and broad logical possibility in relation to the principle of ex nihil, nihil fit. There is no absolute time througout the universe. . Pluto is barren.” I take affirmative “Yes. What you posit are just abstract ideas and thus all we’re left with is a Minkowski type of space-time. I am not trying to give a naturalistic explanation of the origin of the universe. "You write, "In other words, your 'refutation' of the Kalam Cosmological Argument is only possible if you grant equal possibility that God exists. . A classic which has recently been re-polished and re-popularized, it has withstood the test of time in its field. In case you’re interested, I have a new book out debunking the KCA. You must be kidding, right? . There was never a time when it was not actualized along with the first moment to have to interrupt such a state. I've found that pretty much all theists use "logical" arguments that are either tautologies or presuppositional. (emphasis added). When discussing whether space and physics could be eternal” a “Free Agent” with a will to say ‘Today/Now/at this point I will create a Universe where and when there wasn’t one before and it won’t be infinitely ago.'”. So a good many philosophers will say that all causation is really ultimately simultaneous.”. The “probability” is exactly the same. Then you stated that even if we have no free will, it doesn’t matter because the Kalam proves the cause must possess it. But then you’re equivocating material and efficient causes here. If not, then please tell me how you reconcile God’s will not being determined and being controlled (and thus caused) at the same time.”\\ — I was afraid this might rabbit trail into a debate about libertarian free will (LFW). This is the teleology, the purpose or end goal of bringing something into being. . The pluto example is not disanalogous at all. This is logically and metaphysically possible and you’ve provided no arguments to think otherwise.” I can deny this principle and still accept that something cannot come from nothing. I took it in its typical since of empirical evidence. . The argument is basically the Cosmological Argument but using … Continue reading → Posted in Religious Arguments: Explained and Debunked | Tagged Allah , Atheism , Atheist , God , Islam , Muhammad , Muslim | 2 Comments ian,Welcome to Debunking Christianity. If you keep falling asleep in class, it’s no surprise that you don’t know what you’re talking about when it’s time to do your essay. If not, then please tell me how you reconcile God’s will not being determined and being controlled (and thus caused) at the same time. It is "god" against "I don't know. First you said I’m incorrectly presupposing God’s actions are determined by something else, but then you stated God is the cause of his own decisions. Thomas Aquinas, in his Summa theologiae, presented two versions of the cosmological argument: the first-cause argument and the argument from contingency.The first-cause argument begins with the fact that there is change in the world, and a change is always the effect of some cause or causes. . \\”You can’t just keep ignoring the problem and saying God’s in “control” of (and thus determining) his action or decision. THE MECHANISTIC AGENT DELIMMA But we have reasons to believe it is more likely he is lying or exaggerating or hiding the problem with the car, than not. In addition, when we don’t have direct access to the cause, the only way to falsify it is by using metaphysical and logical arguments. . Of course, this presupposes metric time, which you say the hyperspace realm doesn’t exist in. You’ve said “you cannot claim it is a mind or an abstract object because it has not been established these things actually exist.” How is that not begging the question against an argument FOR an unembodied mind? Imagine if were having a debate “Is Pluto Inhabited?”. And the laws of physics we know of are the only categories we can think in.” What *IS* it? the problem of evil, evidence against cognitive dualism, etc.) I was being existential as to the 'creation' or lack thereof, of the universe. . The first is that something cannot come from nothing. Before I give my response, let me inform my readers that I distinguish causes via Aristotelian Causation. Sort by. I wrote: “Personal — So, I reject the Platonist and Substance-Dualist views that abstract objects and minds are immaterial. Does The Cosmological Argument Entail A Contradiction? “Yeah, “The decision is only made when there is time” because the very instance of making a decision whereas one didn’t exist before is itself the creation of time.” There are good reasons given as to why the cause of the universe must be uncaused. . Therefore, it follows it is metaphysically possible that a space entity similar to Minkowski space — a hyperspace — can exist. But then you presented an argument against the possibility of something coming from nothing and the argument from Personal Causation. It’s a metaphysical explanation for the science that both theistic and *non-theistic scientists* embrace.” Furthermore, that’s what you’re doing here, too: you’re taking something we’re familiar with (minds), and then saying “well, but it can’t be a human mind, since such minds are not powerful enough to create a universe… such minds didn’t exist forever… such minds are finite and limited… such minds are temporal… so it must be a different kind of mind: an infinitely powerful and eternal mind.” Both of us are taking something we are familiar with, and then saying something like it created our universe. I will say whether it will hold or not. I noticed you quoted me out of context. God’s decision to create “from eternity past” might undermine this point, but we need not agree with Craig on this point. But I don’t mind if you don’t respond, actually. However, it has not been established this is the nature of the hyperspace. But I’ll only call attention to some points. The fact that it possess different laws is also supported by the arguments: if it obeyed the same laws and principles of our universe, it would suffer from the problem of entropy. ­”and given that undifferentiated time is just sequence or indices (like the letters of the alphabet; A, B, C, D, E), ”. The Kalam Cosmological Argument Debunked! When he speaks of God being causally prior to the universe, Craig is appealing to (B). I don't propose that anyone believes in a yniverse. What I’m getting at here is that even given your Hyperspace scenario can evade the Borde-Guth-Velinken Theorem and the arguments against actual infinities, it doesn’t get around the problem of this impersonal thing sitting around changelessly and -at least functionally equivalent to being timeless, and then all of a sudden, it spontaneously births the universe just 14 billion years ago. CAUSAL SIMULTENAEITY . I usually just use the abductive argument between abstract objects and unembodied minds because it’s quicker to verbally flesh out. It’s just math-speak… Given that hyperspace is just a realm of abstract mathematics, and not a real concrete entity,”. The decision occurred in time, yes. I wrote “Given that the cause of the universe is timeless, the cause cannot itself have a beginning. But obviously, here we are. I discovered a YouTuber called Rationality Rules very recently. This is just a pitiful objection to The Kalam Cosmological Argument. This is another potential example, by the way, that is an opponent of the “mind or abstract object”. . After sleeping on it, I realized the simplicity of what I missed. EX NIHIL NIHIL FIT . If a yniverse is possible, however, the KCA is defeated.You write, "Tell me again why this is more rational than believing in God? . You could disagree that the first premise isn’t warranted because you think our universe is part of a wider universe that caused it to come into being, and that claim is what I’ve been pounding on for the past 28 comments. These expanding universes would become so plenteous that they would all coalesce and form what appears to be an infinitely large and infinitely old universe, which contradicts the scientific evidence that we live in a universe of finite size and age. Furthermore, I’m not convinced at all that the level of potential bias that Robin possesses is equivalent to Craig’s. However, when talking about something totally disconnected from our universe, it is not possible to look for such evidence; this is not ad hoc, it is expected to be the case. But then I respond “Well, you see, these birds behave according to different laws of biology than the life on this planet behave under. At least you should be consistent if you’re going to do this. So, just to clarify the issue here, the meaning of causal principle in this context does not include material causality. So, if my hypothesis is unfalsifiable, then yours is as well, since both are very similar. If they’re not there. How could it be? Read about Debunked (The First Cause Argument - Refuted) by The Kalam Cosmological Argument and see the artwork, lyrics and similar artists. Popular atheist YouTuber "Rationality Rules" tried stepping on the famous Kalaam Cosmological Argument popularised in recent time by Christian William Lane Craig and ended up stepping on himself. All other religions involve either an eternal cosmos that have God or gods bringing order out of the eternally existing matter, energy, space and time, or else their god is the universe itself (pantheism). So, I concede that Dawkins is probably biased against theism (probably because of rational motivations and not emotional ones, which is the mark of theism), but it has not been established Robin’s motivation for writing the article is also atheistic — and this is my point. I explained why before: because “potential” is not a magical fluid that something contains. Finally, let me add that in addition to not having established the existence of free will, we’ve never observed intentional states being simultaneous with external effects. Our options seem to be limited to (1) a single universe banged into being infinitely long ago, (2) no universe ever comes into being, (3) The Multiverse (which is plagued with issues as I’ve already pointed out), and (4) God. Regardless of how one responds to this, it is the tu quoque fallacy. Although in Western philosophy the earliest formulation of a versionof the cosmological argument is found in Plato’s Laws,893–96, the classical argument is firmly rooted inAristotle’s Physics (VIII, 4–6) andMetaphysics (XII, 1–6). The second is that every effect has an efficient cause? If the decision and act are simultaneous with the beginning of time, then there is no reason to talk about interrupting any timeless state; what there is, simply, is a first moment when causal power is exerted. That’s why I stated psychologists are discovering now that most people are naturally wired to believe in spiritualism. One of his many videos is “The Kalam Cosmological Argument Debunked – (First Cause Argument Refuted)”. 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2020 cosmological argument debunked