The internal coherence of a theory is assessed by the criterion of logical development. Published on April 18, 2019 by Raimo Streefkerk. Originally: characterized by working backwards from effect to cause. For example, math is deductive: If x = 4 And if y = 1 Then 2x + y = 9. Synthetic Reasoning Explained With Examples. Also as adverb: = "retroductively". Critical thinking can also examine complexities such as emotion. Apparently caused by an impact. Reductive reasoning is a specific way in which "Straw Man" arguments are utilized when attacking an opponent's position. Bill Nye arguing against Creation science: "So, as the world changed, as it did for the ancient dinosaurs, they were taken out by a worldwide fireball. In this lesson, you will learn the definition of abductive reasoning as opposed to deductive and inductive reasoning, and will be given examples to further your understanding of this concept. It is like a backward approach to logic modelling. Retroductive reasoning implies a reconstruction of past events that describes and explains the history of a case. “Inductive reasoning is a logical process in which multiple premises, all. Retroductive Reasoning; The main division between forms of reasoning is between deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning. This analysis assesses whether the development of the series of theoretical statements in the theory follows a logical form of reasoning. That’s the best theory we have. A Straw Man argument is a strategy that intentionally presents a much weaker, falsified version of the opponent's case. A theory may be developed through deductive, inductive, or retroductive (abductive) reasoning. Reasoning is the process of thinking about things in a logical, rational way. Inductive vs. deductive reasoning. Later: (Philosophy) characterized by or relating to retroduction. Example: Retroduction is typically used in criminal investigations. When a crime occurs, Formal logic has been described as ‘the science of deduction’ while inductive reasoning is generally carried out within the field of informal logic. Deductive reasoning moves from the general rule to the specific application: In deductive reasoning, if the original assertions are true, then the conclusion must also be true. Revised on November 11, 2019. For example, she used Henderson’s Needs Theory in proposing that after the fourteen fundamental basic needs. In this example, it is a logical necessity that 2x + y equals 9; 2x + y must equal 9. Synthetic reasoning is a form of reasoning where one compares the difference and similarities between propositions and attempts to synthesize them to draw an inference (looking at the space in between two ideas so to speak). It is essentially a hybrid form of analogical and abductive reasoning. Examples of the Abductive Fallacy / Retroduction Fallacy / Retroductive Fallacy. ... 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