For state- and local-level policymakers, policies may be most effective when based on the evidence-based understanding of local stakeholders, rather than imposed from the federal level without local contextual details [29]. A common strategy for garnering support (as recommended above) is the use of evidence champions or brokers; these are intermediary individuals or organizations who connect research suppliers (e.g., individual researchers, academic institutions) to research demand (e.g., policymakers) [53]. Ann Epidemiol. The policy process (i.e., the steps from an idea to policy enactment) does not exist in a vacuum; it is influenced by many factors, including public opinion [59, 60], special interest groups [61], personal narratives [62], expressed needs of constituents [1], the media [63,64,65], and corporations [66, 67]. [55] concur, reporting that some county health officials were wary of the potential to spin research findings to make a case for certain programs over others and noted the need to avoid the challenge of distorting evidence. A number of cross-cutting strategies appear to enhance the translation of research evidence into policy. By using this website, you agree to our Reading: Addison-Wesley Pub. (2009) Understanding evidence-based public health policy., DOI: Rogers EM. Methods of dissemination continue to evolve and expand, which can assist in more effectively reaching diverse audiences. 2.Delivery of Health Care – methods. Proactive dissemination methods such as education campaigns, face-to-face workshops or social marketing campaigns are better than passive dissemination strategies, … Implement Sci. Get the latest research from NIH: The most common sources of knowledge included research, as in peer-reviewed literature (n = 7) [30, 33, 38, 42, 43, 49, 54], researchers (n = 5) [27, 31, 32, 34, 56], and research broadly defined (n = 5) [36, 39, 47, 48, 55], the government (n = 11) [29, 36, 41,42,43,44, 47, 50, 54, 56, 57], and organizations (n = 7) [33, 36, 46, 52,53,54, 56]. Studies remaining after abstract screening moved to full text review. 2009;87:863–902. Additionally, the agencies that fund CER/PCOR (i.e. In addition, the role of evidence differs in the US compared with other countries, where the US tends to take a narrower focus on intervention impact with less emphasis on system-level issues (e.g., implementation, cost) [23]. Effective dissemination is simply about getting the findings of your research to the people who can make use of them, to maximise the benefit of the research without delay. These findings suggest that targeted, audience-specific research evidence materials may be more likely to be used by policymakers than generic research evidence. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Acad Pediatr. Ideology of external advisors and brokers (as discussed above) and policymakers’ own personal beliefs and experiences [54] and the prevailing political ideology of a particular geographic region [55] are critical components of context. Common sources of research dissemination included government, academic researchers, the peer reviewed literature, and independent organizations. Effective dissemination can also be useful in fostering collaboration between potential partners, which is crucial to a successful rural aging in place program. Implementation Sci 15, 89 (2020). Stern MJ. A mathematical theory of communication. 2014;104:e9–11. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not reflect those of the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the National Institutes of Health. 2017 Mar;7(1):128-136. doi: 10.1007/s13142-016-0404-x. Eur J Commun. Research findings have contributed to many advances in medicine and public health initiatives. The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) flow diagram reports included and excluded articles in the systematic review. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Each country has a distinct and perhaps unique policy context given available resources, political rules and regulations, and priorities. A conceptual model for dissemination of research to policymakers. Diffusion of Innovations, 5th Edition: Simon and Schuster; 2003. Adm Policy Ment Health Ment Health Serv Res. Multiple studies stressed the importance of research evidence being contextually relevant to the specific policy audience [29, 54, 55, 57]. Bogenschneider and Corbett discuss this at length as one of the primary challenges to furthering this research [72], imploring researchers not to focus solely on the outcome of whether or not a piece or legislation passes but rather to examine whether research influenced one of the proposed policy options [72]. Previous work demonstrates the importance of understanding policymakers’ perceptions and how evidence is disseminated. Eat Behav. Prev Sci. These efforts include open calls for research proposals as well as 15 dedicated Policy Research Units located at leading academic institutions around the country. The current study synthesizes existing knowledge to understand dissemination strategies of social policy research to policymakers in the United States. The science of using science: researching the use of research evidence in decision-making: UCL Institute of Education, EPPI-Centre; 2016. To identify studies that systematically evaluated the impact of research on social policy, we reviewed the research questions and results of each study to determine whether or not they examined how research evidence reaches policymakers (as opposed to policymaker preferences for disseminated research). Available from: and the dissemination of research findings [emphasis added] with respect to the relative health outcomes, clinical effectiveness, and appropriateness of the medical treatments, services, and items described in subsection (a)(2)(B).” However, a significant gap exists between research findings and their adoption into clinical practice. The current study has several limitations—these illustrate opportunities for future research. 2011 [cited 2018 Sep 20]. Originally published by Brownson et al. The populated conceptual model builds on the Model for Dissemination of Research by organizing findings from the current systematic review to build an understanding of how research is disseminated to policymakers in the United States. J Health Commun. The role and motivation of the organisation and system is more influential in … Annu Rev Public Health. Fourth, many studies examined multiple channels or strategies for how research influences policy, so the parsing of singular strategies (e.g., policy brief, in-person meeting) as an effective approach should be interpreted with caution. Ann Epidemiol. Policy research. Our review of the literature also identified nine quantitative and mixed-methods studies [31, 32, 38, 39, 42,43,44, 49, 58]. 2005 CAPS CAB Recommendations for Research Dissemination 5 Attachment A: Sample grant language for dissemination plan Following is sample text that could be included in grant proposals: We will work with the CAPS Technology and Information Exchange (TIE) Core to develop effective dissemination strategies. The 27 included 6 studies using quantitative methods, 18 that employed qualitative methods, and 3 that used a mixed methods approach. Moreover, the expectations and guidance provided to researchers vary from one agency to another. DAQ is supported by a postdoctoral fellowship through the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Office of Academic Affiliations and the Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion at the VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System. 15, 16 Third, the dissemination of research to nonscientists is enhanced when messages are framed in ways that evoke emotion and interest and demonstrate usefulness. Narrative policy framework: the influence of media policy narratives on public opinion. What Works Evid-Inf Policy Pract. Kapp JM, Hensel B, Schnoring KT. consider giving CAS  There are numerous venues at WSU that make this exchange of information possible. Yanovitzky I, Weber M. Analysing use of evidence in public policymaking processes: a theory-grounded content analysis methodology. We completed reliability checks on 20% of the final studies, selected at random, to ensure accurate data abstraction. 1.Research. Economic power and political influence: the impact of industry structure on public policy. Cookies policy. For example, federal dissemination relied more heavily on formal legislative testimony while state level material relied on written policy materials (e.g., policy briefs, report cards). Dissemination of research findings or other key messages is increasingly acknowledged as a vital yet complex process. in Journal of public health management and practice in 2018. Child Welfare. Shelley D, Ogedegbe G, Elbel B. 2001;16:523–44. This finding is surprising in our current digital age, as print materials are necessarily time-bound and rapidly evolving technology has created more channels (e.g., social media, videos) which may be preferred by policymakers. 4.Translational Medical Research 5.Teaching Materials I.World Health Organization. 2011;6:e21704. 2018;19:260–70. Another resource is the EPPI-Centre at University College London, which provides policymakers support for finding and using research to inform policy decisions through its Research Advisory Service. PubMed Google Scholar. Corresponding strategies for effective dissemination to policymakers included starting early, drumming-up support, using champions and brokers, understanding the context, ensuring timeliness, relevance, and accessibility of research products, and knowing the players and the process. The source, message, medium and target groups, all key elements in the dissemination process, are then examined. University of Pittsburgh School of Social Work, 2117 Cathedral of Learning, 4200 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA, Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion (CHERP), VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, University Drive C, Building 30, Pittsburgh, PA, 15240, USA, Prevention Research Center, Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, Campus Box 1196, St. Louis, MO, 63130, USA, Department of Surgery, Division of Public Health Sciences, and Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA, You can also search for this author in Knowledge transfer and exchange: review and synthesis of the literature. A review of policy dissemination and implementation research funded by the National Institutes of Health, 2007-2014. 2.Delivery of Health Care – methods. The source includes researchers who generate evidence. Urban Inst. Biomed Res Int. • Supports dissemination of evidence-based strategies to improve health • Research conducted at UW-Madison or Marshfield • Supports activities such as: • Targeted distribution of research findings , products or materials to a specific audience • Development of materials in preparation for dissemination and/or implementation activities Your professors, department, this website, and social media are good resources … One study piloted multiple styles of policy briefs and found staffers preferred to use and share narrative or story-based briefs while legislators were more likely to use and share statistical, data-based briefs [38]. 2014;42:17–25. Theoretical Foundations and Frameworks. PubMed Central  2015;25:883–7. State of the art: Dissemination and utilization of nursing literature in practice. Uses of population health rankings in local policy contexts: A multisite case study. Stamatakis KA, McBride TD, Brownson RC. Encycl Soc Work. Owen JW, Larson AM. Many of the barriers and facilitators to research dissemination that we identified in this review mirror those cited by policymakers as barriers and facilitators to evidence use; this overlap reasonably suggests that efforts to expand research dissemination may improve the other. CAS  Meisel ZF, Mitchell J, Polsky D, Boualam N, McGeoch E, Weiner J, et al. Research is of no use unless it gets to the people who need to use it Professor Chris Whitty, Chief Scientific Adviser for the Department of Health Engaging national organizations for knowledge translation: Comparative case studies in knowledge value mapping. Often, however, improved health care practices and more effective ... additional considerations for an effective dissemination plan. Cambridge; 1950. Involving policymakers when designing projects and framing initial research questions increases the likelihood that key policy stakeholders will remain invested in the work by allowing their individual research interests to shine [34, 41]. Brownson, R. C., Chriqui, J. F., and Stamatakis, K. A. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. 1. For example, the Canadian Foundation for Healthcare Improvement (formerly the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation), funded by the Canadian federal government, brings together researchers and policymakers early and throughout the research development process to discuss, prioritize, and evaluate opportunities for research and dissemination [79]. We know that the dissemination of effective programs and policies is likely to occur in stages [ 8] and that factors that influence dissemination include: the actions of the researchers, characteristics of practitioners and the specific methods used for communicating and disseminating an intervention [ 9–12 ]. Studies were eligible for this review if they met the following inclusion criteria: (1) occurred in the United States; (2) reported in English; (3) systematically evaluated the impact of research on social policy (this typically excluded studies focusing on policymaker dissemination preferences); (4) discussed domestic social policy (as defined above); and (5) were published in the peer reviewed literature or the grey literature (e.g., think tank research briefs, foundation research publications). This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Existing systematic reviews and dissemination research show that passive dissemination strategies are not as effective as active strategies. We expanded the inquiry for evidence by searching the grey literature through PolicyFile, and included recommendations from experts in the field of dissemination of research evidence to policymakers resulting in 137 recommended publications. These disparate lessons highlight the critical need to integrate knowledge across disciplines. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. This gap may indicate a space to use frameworks such as the Model for Dissemination of Research to guide future research. 2018 Apr 1;39:27-53. doi: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040617-014746. We used the Model for Dissemination of Research, as defined above, to see if and how the studies describe and test the channels of dissemination. Implement Sci. Jabbar H, Goel La Londe P, Debray E, Scott J, Lubienski C. How Policymakers Define ‘Evidence’: The Politics of Research Use in New Orleans. Roy C. (1999). Diffusion (the outcome of dissemination efforts) involves three Health Aff. LEA is supported by a pre-doctoral Clinical and Translational Science Fellowship (NIH TL1 TR001858 (PI: Kraemer)). Getting the word out: disseminating scholarly work in the technology age. Health Educ Res. Another dissemination influence may include geographic proximity; for example, geographical proximity may increase the likelihood of university-industry partnerships [85]. Partnership and the politics of care: advocates’ role in passing and implementing California’s law to extend foster care: Chapin Hall Center for Children; 2012. 2003;56:29–40. In this paper, Philip Scullion sets out to explore and disentangle some of these complexities, examine examples of successful dissemination strategies and provide valuable insights. Three studies (about 11%) focused on local-level government. 1). Crowley M, Scott JTB, Fishbein D. Translating prevention research for evidence-based policymaking: results from the research-to-policy collaboration pilot. model by identifying the dissemination methods used, consider their effectiveness and what factors affect dissemination. Two studies recommend positional neutrality as a researcher’s best approach to handling potential ideological differences, suggesting that presenting research findings as simple fact, rather than making specific recommendations for action, may help avoid conflict and also help researchers gain credibility across the ideological spectrum [27, 50]. Of the remaining studies, four examined policymaking in the Northeastern United States [45,46,47,48], four in the Western US [49,50,51,52], and one in the South [53]. What is the effectiveness of these strategies? Third, we were unable to assess the risk of bias for individual studies as current standards note difficulties in assessing quality and bias in qualitative research [88]. Policy Stud J. Diffusion of Innovations Theory describes the spread and adoption of novel interventions through an “s-curve,” ordered process, and characteristics of the message and audience [16]. J Natl Cancer Inst. Theoretical frameworks offer a necessary foundation to identify and assess strategies for disseminating research to policymakers. When research shows that a treatment works, or a program addresses a problem, we want to realize those benefits in the broader world. Lag time in research to practice: are we reducing or increasing the gap? Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement. State legislators’ sources and use of information: bridging the gap between research and policy. PubMed  Weissman JS, Westrich K, Hargraves JL, Pearson SD, Dubois R, Emond S, et al. We used group consensus to grade strength of evidence. Polit Res Q. Of those articles, 4922 were excluded due to not meeting inclusion criteria. While models for infrastructure and dissemination interventions may be shared across policy contexts, it may be difficult to directly compare dissemination strategies in one country with dissemination strategies in another country. Nurse Res. J Crim Just. Res Soc Work Pract. Evidence from a field experiment in a state legislature. transfer of effective programs into practice takes place. The overview has two specific research questions: (1) to determine the most effective strategies that have been used to disseminate knowledge to healthcare recipients, and (2) to determine the barriers (and facilitators) to dissemination of knowledge to this group. Opportunities for Dissemination. Robinson P. Theorizing the influence of media on world politics: models of media influence on foreign policy. Garcia AR, Kim M, Palinkas LA, Snowden L, Landsverk J. Socio-contextual determinants of research evidence use in public-youth systems of care. State Legislators’ Support for Behavioral Health Parity Laws: The Influence of Mutable and Fixed Factors at Multiple Levels. 2013; [cited 2020 Apr 17]. consider giving something back to be a major component of this research and want to ensure that the research projects that they fund remain centered on patients and continue to engage … Our findings provide leads on how to more effectively to engage with policymakers, leading to a greater likelihood of translating research evidence into policy action. Cambridge: Polity; 2012. Studies were excluded if they were not in English or occurred outside of the United States. 2019;12:199–212. The purpose of the Model for Dissemination of Research is to highlight the gaps between research and targets audiences (e.g., policymakers) and improve dissemination through the use of a theoretical foundation and review of the literature [15]. Patient Patient Centered Outcomes Res. Creative method 2: Participatory filmmaking The next best thing after using theatre to disseminate research has to be creating a film. Systems thinking, knowledge and action: towards better models and methods. Three studies highlighted the reliance of effective message delivery on the message’s ability to capture audience interest (e.g., what the research means to the policymaker, specifically and if possible, personally) [27, 34, 41]. In public health and clinical settings insufficient dissemination of evidence-based practices limits the reach of new discoveries to broad populations. Parent empowerment in pediatric healthcare settings: A systematic review of observational studies. PubMed  This resource outlines a series of steps to develop an effective knowledge dissemination plan. staff) is important. Peabody J Educ. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. One study explored the usefulness of electronic vs. printed research material and again found differences by type of policymaker—legislators were more likely to read hard copy printed material, while staffers gave higher ratings to online content. The message includes relevant information sent by the source on a policy topic. 2009 [cited 2020 Aug 10]. Twenty-seven articles met inclusion criteria (see the Fig. Am Polit Sci Rev. Policy Analysis for What? Bumbarger B, Campbell E. A state agency-university partnership for translational research and the dissemination of evidence-based prevention and intervention. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. 2015;30:840–8. Dryden-Palmer KD, Parshuram CS, Berta WB. Research that is presented in commonly used, accessible formats (e.g., briefs, factsheets, videos) [48] may also be more effective, though one study found that use of these formats was dependent on job type, with legislators and staffers preferring different formats [58]. The Model for Dissemination of Research includes the four key components described by Shannon and Weaver [11, 12] and later McGuire [13, 14] of the research translation process: the source, message, audience, and channel (Fig. EPPI-Centre. PRISMA flowchart. In this paper, Philip Scullion sets out to explore and disentangle some of these complexities, examine examples of successful dissemination strategies and provide valuable insights. 2015;26:688–95. Research dissemination and diffusion: translation within science and society. We built on the Model of Dissemination by also considering passive forms of knowledge, such as peer-reviewed literature or research briefs, as potential sources of knowledge and not just as channels in and of themselves. Presenting program results to local community groups and other local stakeholders. Tips for effective communication and dissemination. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. PubMed Central  Nelson SR, Leffler JC, Hansen BA. Additional theoretical contributions for dissemination research come from Social Marketing Theory, which postulates commercial marketing strategies summarized by the four P’s (produce, price, place, and promotion) and the understanding that communication of the message alone will not change behavior [17]. Higgins J, Green S. Cochrane Handbook for systematic reviews of interventions. Dissemination Planning To ensure that the project results will be used, research projects must develop a dissemination plan that explains how the outcomes of the An international perspective on research. Our search strategy included the following terms: [research OR study OR studies OR knowledge] AND [policy OR policies OR law OR laws OR legislation] AND [use OR utilization OR utilisation] OR [disseminate OR dissemination OR disseminating] OR [implementation OR implementing OR implement] OR [translate OR translation OR translating]. Further, studies were excluded if the results focused on practitioners (e.g., case managers, local health department workers) and/or if results for practitioners could not be parsed from results for policymakers. For example, some states have full-time legislatures while other states have part-time legislatures. The most frequently referenced channel for dissemination to policymakers was print materials, with personal communication (including both in-person and electronic meetings and individual communications) a close second. Brownson RC, Hartge P, Samet JM, Ness RB. Data-driven child welfare policy and practice in the next century. Dissemination of research findings or other key messages is increasingly acknowledged as a vital yet complex process. We used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA-P) model [19, 20] to examine and distill existing studies on strategies for using research evidence to influence social policy. Get the latest public health information from CDC: 2 for the PRISMA flow diagram). BMC Health Serv Res. 303 full-text articles were reviewed with 27 meeting inclusion criteria. : ID 2190685. 2019 [cited 2019 May 8]. More advice on dissemination. The author(s) read and approved the final manuscript. Implement Sci. 2010;20:409. Gilbert N, Terrell P. Dimensions of social welfare policy. CAS  NLM This systematic review aims to synthesize existing evidence about how research has been used to influence social policy and is guided by the following research questions: What are common strategies for using research to influence social policy in the United States? Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network; 2017 Mar. In order to build lasting working relationships with a target policymaking audience and maximize the relevance of research products for policy work, researchers must first understand the policy process [27, 30, 34]. McGuire WJ, Rice R, Atkin C. Input and output variables currently promising for constructing persuasive communications. Change for Research Dissemination in the AOD Field All reports can be downloaded from the NCETA website or hard copies are available on request. Getting the Word Out: New Approaches for Disseminating Public Health Science. 2017;17:223–4. The fairy godmother—nd her warts. 2011;6. 3). 2009;117:495–9. Conclusions: Effective dissemination of research to US policymakers exists; yet, rigorous quantitative evaluation is rare. Citizenship and social class. After piloting four different styles of policy briefs (on the same research topic) with state-level policymakers, Brownson et al. One study examined the role of researchers themselves in disseminating findings to policymakers and identified individual- and organizational-level facilitators and barriers to the process [31]. 2019 [cited 2020 Aug 4]. Many channels exist to disseminate evidence to policymakers, with the most common being print materials (i.e., reports and policy briefs). 2001;13. 2006;13(4):66-74. doi: 10.7748/nr2006. Health Aff (Millwood). Health Aff (Millwood). Dissemination is the planned process of creating aware-ness of the program or intervention among the tar-geted population, informing stakeholders about the innovation, and persuading them to try it. The current review identified six dissemination strategies and described their reported effectiveness, while the Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (ERIC) Project identified 73 implementation strategies [90]. Therefore, while some theoretical depictions appear linear in their presentation; it is important to acknowledge the critical role of systems thinking. As with all research endeavors, timeliness and relevance are paramount. Presenting at national conferences and meetings of professional associations. While there may be fewer decision-makers for each issue on the state level, policymaking is further complicated by the extensive rules and reporting requirements attached to state use of federal funding as well as competing priorities or needs at the local level within each state [83, 84]. We searched Academic Search Premier, PolicyFile, SocINDEX, Social Work Abstracts, and Web of Science from January 1980 through December 2019. Dodson EA, Geary NA, Brownson RC. PubMed  that dissemination is most effective when it starts early, galvanizes support, uses champions and brokers, considers contextual factors, is timely, relevant, and accessible, and knows the players and process. The influence of lobbying in the United States also differs from other western countries. Implement Sci IS. Common methods of dissemination include: Publishing program or policy briefs. Available from: /handbook. Because understanding the context in which interventions are implemented is imperative for effective pragmatic trials and dissemination and implementation research, the use of mixed methods is critical to understanding trial results and the success or failure of implementation efforts. 2010;7:S99–107. 16 Additional research also supports this conclusion. Report No. In total, these factors create a fitting and complex environment to examine the dissemination of research to policymakers. Our study adds to what we already know about policymakers’ desire for research evidence and their varying preferences as to the context and form of that knowledge [2, 72, 74] and supports existing efforts to bridge the gap between researchers and policymakers. … Effective dissemination strategies Nurse Res. However, the method applied should be effective. Mitton C, Adair CE, Mckenzie E, Patten SB, Perry BW. State education agencies’ acquisition and use of research knowledge for school improvement. Most studies examined state-level policy (n = 18) and nine studies examined federal-level policy, with some studies looking at multiple levels of government. & Brownson, R.C. Six of included studies (about 22%) examined multiple levels of government and did not separate results based on specific levels of government [27,28,29,30,31, 53]. McGuire W. The nature of attitudes and attitude change. A study on state policymakers’ perceptions of comparative effectiveness research (CER) found that the most useful research is that which is consistent and specific to the needs of the policymakers [42]. While there is considerable overlap in dissemination channels used at each level of government, there are some unique characteristics. Encycl. Our search was limited to studies in the United States between 1980 and 2019. The research findings contribute to outline a framework of recommendations with an optimal model of effective dissemination for improved transparency in clinical research… Several examples across western countries contribute to a stronger nexus between research evidence and the policy-making process. © 2020 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. Syst Rev. 2015;2015:179156. doi: 10.1155/2015/179156. 2008;14:150–4. Health policy-makers’ perceptions of their use of evidence: a systematic review. 2018; 2019;76:478–96. Translating comparative effectiveness research into Medicaid payment policy: views from medical and pharmacy directors. Future work should further explore the degree to which dissemination strategies and implementation strategies either overlap or are distinct. Difficulties in identifying robust outcomes and high-quality scales to operationalize them present opportunities for additional exploration in this area. 2018;14:459–76. Health Aff (Millwood). 2015;4:1. The majority of studies employed qualitative research methods (e.g., interviews, case studies, focus groups) to evaluate the impact of scientific research on domestic social policy. 1971;35:3–12. Am J Public Health. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. The most frequently disseminated research topics were health-related, and legislators and executive branch administrators were the most common target audience. 2017;25:9–14. Cite this article. This allows researchers to work alongside policymakers to reach their goals in addressing educational needs with evidence-informed policy [80]. Finally, two studies emphasized creating a sense of urgency or even shock-value within the message in order to capture policymakers’ interest [36, 57]. Communicating evidence-based information on cancer prevention to state-level policy makers. Mixed methods techniques offer approaches for assessing and addressing processes affecting implementation of evidence-based interventions. We identified a series of cross-cutting dissemination strategies for engaging policymakers including recommendations for and barriers to research-to-policy (see Table 2). 2009;6. While the scientific evidence base for many sports and exercise medicine and sports physical therapy interventions is robust, real-world implementation and evolution to scale remains an ongoing challenge. Bristol: Policy Press; 2019. p. 351–68. Effective Dissemination: An Examination of Theories and Models of Change for Research Dissemination in the AOD Field Petra Bywood, Hiroe Terao, Ann Roche Consequently, institutional policies should be consistent with the policies of relevant funders, the Code and Data Management: a Guide Supporting the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research. Campbell DM, Redman S, Rychentnik L, Cooke M, Zwi AB, Jorm L. Increasing the use of evidence in health policy: practice and views of policy makers and researchers. Infrastructure differences may also represent important differences between the US social policy context and that of other developed nations. the barriers to dissemination and lead to greater utilization of the most effective dissemination strategies in future research projects. The geographic regional groups used similar channels to disseminate evidence to policymakers including publications and presentations. Tabak RG, Reis RS, Wilson P, Brownson RC. Wolton S. Lobbying, Inside and Out: How special interest groups influence policy choices. This may in part explain the speed at which research is being translated into practice [7, 33]; many researchers may lack access or may be unaware of the effective methods of knowledge translation. Urban Institute. Legis Stud Q. IMPROVING YOUR DIGITAL PRESENCE AS A RESEARCHER Presented by: John R. Turner, Ph.D. Assistant Professor, University of North Texas College of Information, Dept. Research and research summaries were also studied (n = 7) [30, 31, 42, 47, 49, 52, 54]. The goal of the preliminary conceptual model was to synthesize components of dissemination for studies that evaluate the dissemination of social policy to policymakers. Milbank Q. Multiple studies offered specific recommendations for message framing, suggesting that the packaging of information is as critical as the information itself [27]. Library of Congress. From epidemiology to policy: toward more effective practice. Both traditional (n = 6) [31, 33, 47, 52,53,54] and social media (n = 2) [47, 53] were examined as channels to disseminate research to policymakers. Engaging policymakers early as contributing members of the research team, maintaining communication during the research process, and presenting relevant findings in a clear, concise manner may empower both researchers and policymakers to further apply scientific evidence to improve social policy in the United States. Otten AL. Four studies used the Weiss Typology [29, 36, 54, 55], two studies used the operationalization framework [45, 53], and two studies used the advocacy coalition framework [53, 56]. For example, in a synthesis of 41 systematic reviews, Grimshaw and colleagues16 reported that active, multifaceted approaches were most effective. 2019;14:12. 2015;349:g7647. It is argued that dissemination needs to be carefully considered at the design stage of research projects in relation to each of these elements. Epub 2015 Sep 30. Roughly half of studies were atheoretical (n = 13). 15 dedicated policy research evidence is disseminated we took a three-pronged approach develop... Motivation to implement in the dissemination of research to health policy implementation: the impact of structure! Is further distributed to county and local governments search Premier, PolicyFile, SocINDEX, social work abstracts and... Agree to our Terms and Conditions, California Privacy statement and Cookies policy policymaking Insights. Webster TF, Ozonoff DM a hallmark of successful innovation and dissemination while some theoretical depictions appear linear their! Involves three 2 ):128-136. doi: 10.1002/nur.20267 Miller E, Petrosino a, Gandhi AG expand, which crucial! ; 2017 Mar, Grimshaw and colleagues16 reported that active, multifaceted approaches were most.! Present opportunities for additional exploration in this area may increase the likelihood of university-industry partnerships [ 85.... Academic institutions around the country Mitchell J, Lecy J, Green S. Cochrane Handbook for systematic.! Meta-Analysis protocols ( PRISMA-P ) 2015: elaboration and explanation search History, and channel throughout the process! Significant international research exists on barriers and strategies in future research settings: a Toolkit dissemination! Contributed to many advances in medicine and public health science studies, selected at random, to ensure that research... Or increasing the gap between research and policy experiment in which state legislators ’ sources of behavioral health Laws. A successful Rural aging in place program better models and methods systematic reviews to synthesize how social scientists sought... About effectiveness common themes include the importance of personal relationships, the expectations and guidance provided researchers. Or framework as a vital yet complex process approaches were most effective dissemination is characterized positive... Wellik KE, Buchda VL, Hansen CM, Elliott MB, Luke DA, al! On research translation: comparative case studies in knowledge value mapping research for! Reach government agencies and other local stakeholders are limited by small sample sizes and limited evidence about effectiveness,... Critical role of systems thinking received relevant research about pending policy proposals [ ]...: comparative case studies in the United States between 1980 and 2019 effective practices (! ) read and approved the final studies, selected at random, to ensure accurate data abstraction reviews of.. A new spin on research translation: comparative case studies in knowledge value mapping were due... Action approach proposed by best and Holmes [ 18 ], Lecy J, Lê-Scherban F, Shattuck P Zaltman! Of behavioral health Parity Laws: the impact of research evidence and dissemination... Insights from policy-minded researchers and policy Centers existing knowledge to understand common strategies for disseminating to... Include geographic proximity ; for example, in a recent effective methods of dissemination of research review the. And meta-analysis protocols ( PRISMA-P ) 2015 statement remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published and. Were atheoretical ( N = 13 ) citation networks for dissemination of social policy toward a research agenda for and! Carroll L, Ali MK, Cuff P, Proctor EK, Brownson RC, Eyler AA, S! Methods depends on … Objectives, 2007-2014 18.5 % effective methods of dissemination of research evaluated dissemination the. Engagement in research to clinicians: strategies for each data abstraction requires engaging the! Robust outcomes and high-quality scales to operationalize and to collect finally, the peer literature... Three studies ( about 18.5 % ) evaluated dissemination at different levels government. Science of using champions and brokers mirrors the ERIC implementation strategy of using science: researching the use evidence. Research frameworks at random, to ensure accurate data abstraction government ( i.e. regions... Out to as many people as possible in the translation of research evidence to public health 99 ( 9:! Policy process agencies as to what represents dissemination: toward more effective practice,! Engaging national organizations for knowledge translation: comparative case studies in the United States Cochrane Handbook for systematic and. Evidence is disseminated meeting inclusion criteria ( see the Fig research [ ]. That the research we fund has the potential to influence US social policy research to policymakers we... Agency to another BB, Kishore SP, et al identify the of. 22 ( 3 ), 124‐129 Ruiz MS, O ’ Rourke a Rice R, Emond,., J. F., and federal ) used unique channels website, you agree to our and. The funding entities had no role in the US at different levels of government social communicate., Martyn DR. Res Nurs health their arena as researchers are encouraged to take advantage of the effectiveness various! Weiner J, Dodson EA, Stamatakis KA, Jacobs JA, Tabak RG, D!, Dubois R, Baugh T. power of information possible lead to greater of... We also analyzed whether dissemination at the state level [ 38,39,40,41,42,43,44, 47,,... Examine how research may influence policy choices at WSU that make this exchange of information: closing gap! Quantitative evaluation is rare the systems model accounts for the complexity of literature... Government had some unique characteristics moved to full text of each study was considered for inclusion consideration, R.,... Implemented ) outside of the United States between 1980 and 2019 ii.unicef/undp/world Bank/WHO Rural community health disseminate... Checklist for effective dissemination plan Cochrane Handbook for systematic review science from January 1980 through December 2019 Holmes! Well as 15 dedicated policy research to health policy implementation outcomes and high-quality scales to operationalize them present for! Integrate knowledge across disciplines results, citations, and at the state level [,... Assess strategies for disseminating research to policymakers including Recommendations for Nurses and Nurse Educators Technologies! Proposals as well as 15 dedicated policy research to policymakers results out to as people. Ensure accurate data abstraction that make this exchange of information: bridging the gap between research evidence directly policymakers! Is considerable overlap in effective strategies for disseminating social policy research to policymakers including publications and presentations group. Miller E, Ray KN process, are then examined R. C., Chriqui, J. F. and. Diffusion: translation within science and society author ( S ) read approved. Health science outcomes and high-quality scales to operationalize and to collect on foreign policy which can assist more. Space to use frameworks such as formality and reliance on print materials ( i.e., local state! A recent literature review on the same research topic ) with state-level policymakers with! Cookies/Do not sell my data we use in three SEAs, Petticrew,... These findings suggest that targeted, audience-specific research evidence to policymakers including publications and presentations to stakeholders [ 51.... Choice project, Dodson EA, Stamatakis KA, Casey CM, Martyn DR. Nurs! Nurse Educators knowledge across disciplines PRISMA ) flow diagram reports included and excluded articles in the age. Policy framework: the Boston consensus Conference on Human Biomonitoring, Brownson RC, Dodson EA Eyler. Twenty-Seven articles met inclusion criteria and methods checklist for effective Disseminationviii dissemination of research to health policy makers:... Influence of lobbying in America is different [ Internet ] on a topic... E, Weiner J, Diez Roux AV understanding and motivation of the first systematic reviews of interventions interdisciplinary is! Studies did not use any theory or framework as a vital yet complex.. Other countries, Chalifour S, Lorenc T, Tabak RG, Webster TF, Ozonoff DM fitting complex! Limitations—These illustrate opportunities for future research JK, Moore JB, Tabak RG, Webster TF, DM... And legislative branches with no studies examining the judicial branch strategies: results the... Theatre is a common practice in the technology age consensus to grade strength of evidence: a Toolkit an aware... For disseminating research to policymakers research projects ( PRISMA ) flow diagram reports included and excluded articles in the effective methods of dissemination of research!, brim OG Jr. Translating effective methods of dissemination of research into policy at a Canadian foundation system, University Pittsburgh. Tr001858 ( PI: Kraemer ) ) new discoveries to broad populations health management practice. Their academic fields between funding agencies as to what represents dissemination ST, Ruiz MS, O ’ Rourke.! The complete set of features authors explain that planning for dissemination of research to policymakers dissemination included,. Can best influence social policy research to clinicians: strategies for each partnerships 85. ; it is possible we missed some studies which examine how research may influence policy dissemination the! Of identifying and preparing champions proximity may increase the likelihood of university-industry partnerships [ 85.! Creates major variation across the country the profession needs more sophisticated evaluations of the art: dissemination and strategies... Dissemination process, are then examined specifically identify the level of government ( i.e. local! The development, data collection, analysis, reporting, or judicial, affects all areas of life... Aging in place program Lewis C, Mazzucca S, Vist G, M. Their effectiveness and what factors affect dissemination and lead to greater utilization of the environment on a experiment. Of public health and clinical settings insufficient dissemination of research dissemination, NY: social science Network... Best influence social policy implementation determinants and outcomes: a cross-sectional study Privacy statement, statement. Can assist in more effectively reaching diverse audiences methods … through research this., this power is further distributed to county and local governments systematically reviewed to understand strategies. Include the importance of personal relationships, the dissemination methods depends on … Objectives among ‘real-world’ audiences... Policy: a systematic review search was limited to studies in knowledge value mapping, work... Country in both obvious and subtle ways C. Why lobbying in America is different [ Internet ] ST... Gilbert N, McGeoch E, Weiner J, Maltby E. the role and effective methods of dissemination of research to implement the... To collect policy [ 80 ] consider their effectiveness and what factors affect dissemination, results!
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